Chad, cradle of humanity ?

With Australopithecus bahrelghazali (Abel) and Sahelanthropus tchadensis (Toumaï), two hominids fossils, Chad is the potential cradle of humanity

PARTICIPANTS TO SAHARIAN SCIENTIFIC MISSIONS

KT12.decouverteAbel.site

Beginning of a great scientific adventure: Jan. 21, 1995, on the site of the discovery of Abel, Alain Beauvilain and Mahamat Oueddey (standing), Ali Moutaye, Michel Brunet (who takes Abel) and Najia Beauvilain. Mamelbaye Tomalta refused to pose for this photograph taken by Mahamat.

EXPATRIATED PARTICIPANTS

BACON Anne-Marie : Paleontologist, IRESCO, Paris. Mission n° 18 (02/1999).
BANO Maxime : Geophysicist, Strasbourg University. Mission n° 17 (01/1999).
BATTAIL Bernard : Paleontologist, senior researcher, National Museum of Natural History Museum in Paris. Mission n° 18 (02/1999).
BEAUVILAIN Alain : Geographer, senior lecturer, Paris 10 Nanterre University, posted to Chad as a head of the project of the French Co-operation 'Support of Chadian scientific research' until August 1996, head of the project 'Support to paleontological researches'' from November 1996 to August1999, Coordinator of the paleontological activities in the Republic of Chad from September 1999 to December 2002, discoverer of remains of Australopithecus and Sahelanthropus.
Missions n° 1, 2 (discovery of Abel by Mamelbaye Tomalta)(1995), 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 (discovery of Toumaï by Ahounta Djimdoumalbaye), 27, 28, 29, 30.
BEAUVILAIN François : Prospector. Missions n° 1 (01/1994), 6 (03/1996).
BEAUVILAIN Najia : Intendant and interpreter. Missions n° 2 (discovery of Abel by Mamelbaye Tomalta) (01/1995) and 3 (03/1995).
BILLIOU Daniel : Technician, Laboratory of Isotopic Geochemistry, Paris VI University. Mission n° 14 (02/1997).
BLONDEL Cecile : Lecturer, Poitiers University. Missions n° 20 (02/2000), 24 (01/2001), 29 (01/2002).
BOISSERIE Jean-Renaud : Doctoral student in paleontology, Poitiers University. Missions n° 17, 18 (01-02/1999).
BONIS Louis (de) : Paleontologist, Professor, Poitiers University. Missions n° 8 (01/1997), 14  (02/1998).
BOCHERENS Herve : Biogeochimist, Senior researcher, Laboratory of Isotopic Geochemistry, Paris VI University. Mission n° 14
(02/1998).
BRANGER Patrick : Paleontologist, Doctor, Poitiers University. Expeditions n° 8 (01/1997), 9
(02/1997).
BRUNET Alain : Prospector. Mission n° 7 (01/1997).
BRUNET Michel : Paleontologist, Professor, Poitiers University, Director of the Mission paléoanthropologique franco-Tchadienne. Missions 1 (01/1994), 2 (discovery of Abel by Mamelbaye Tomalta)(01/1995), 4 (01/1996), 7 (01/1997), 17 (01/1999), 23 (11/2000).

Number of missions to 31 December 2002

for participants in more than one mission

nombre de missions

COMPOINT Stéphane : Photographer, Sygma Agency. Missions 7, 8, 9 (01-02/1997).
DAAMS Remmert : Paleontologist, Professor, Madrid University. Missions n° 7 (01/1997).
DEAT Augustin : Geologist, Geological and Mining Researches Center (CRGM), Garoua, Cameroun. Mission n° 1 (01/1994).
DEJAX Jean : Paleontologist, Senior researcher, National Museum of Natural History in Paris. Mission n° 9 (02/1997).
DENYS Christiane : Paleontologist, Professor, National Museum of Natural History in Paris. Mission 12 (01/1998).
DERUITER Darryl : Doctoral student in paleontology, Witwatersrand University (South Africa). Missions 7, 8, 9 (01-02/1997).
DESPRES Pascal : Sound engineer. Mission n° 7 (01/1997).
DURINGER Philippe : Sedimentologist, Senior lecturer, Strasbourg University. Missions n° 7 (01/1997), 10 (03/1997), 12 (01/1998), 17 (01/1999), 22 (10/2000), 27 (10/2001).
ESTEYNE Didier : Microlight pilot in the Mignet company. Missions n° 8 (01/1997), 12 (01/1998).
FABRE Jean-Marc : Microlight pilot. Missions n° 12, 13, 14 (01-03/1998), 17, 18 (01-02/1999).
FALCE Sergio Scarpa : Tour operator of Spazzi di Aventura Company. Mission n° 1 (01/1994).
FRONTY Pierre : Dental surgeon, Poitiers. Missions n° 7(01/1997), 17 (01/1999).
GAYET Mireille : Paleontologist, Director of research in the CNRS, Lyon University. Mission n° 7 (January 10 -24, 1997).
GERAADS Denis : Paleontologist, Senior researcher in CNRS. Mission n° 5 (02/1996).
GHIENNE Jean-François : Geophysicist, lecturer, Strasbourg University. Mission n° 17 (01/1999).
GROUSSET Olivier : Doctoral student in paleontology, Poitiers University. Mission n° 14 (02-03/1998).
GUY Franck : Doctoral student in paleontology, Poitiers University. Missions n° 4, 5 (01-02/1996), 11 (11/1997), 12, 13 (01-02/1998).
LE HEGARAT Erwan : Microlight pilot. Missions n° 8, 9 (01-02/1997).
KOUFOS George : Paleontologist, Professor, Thessalonique University. Missions n° 8 (01/1997), 14 (02/1998).
LABOURASSE Frédéric : Cameraman. Mission n° 7 (01/1997).
LIHOREAU Fabrice : Doctoral student in paleontology, Poitiers University. Missions n° 22, 23 (10-11/2000), 25 (02/2001), 29 (01/2002).
LOPEZ-MARTINEZ Nieves : Paleontologist, Professor, Madrid University. Mission n° 17 (01/1999).
LOUCHART Antoine : Doctoral student in paleontology, Lyon University. Mission n° 14 (02/1998).
MACLATCHY Laura : Paleontologist, Harvard University. Mission n° 4 (01/1996).
MARANDAT Bernard : Paleontologist, Technician, Montpellier University. Mission n° 14 (02/1998).
MERCERON Gildas : Doctoral student in paleontology, Poitiers University. Mission n° 24 (01/2001).
MOUCHELIN Guy : Technician, Poitiers University. Missions n° 5 (02/1996), 8 (01/1997), 12 (01/1998).
PEIGNE Stéphane : Doctoral student in paleontology, Poitiers University. Missions n° 8, 9 (01-02/1997).
PELAEZ-CAMPOANES Pablo : Paleontologist, National Museum of Natural History in Madrid. Missions n° 13 (02/1998), 18 (02/1999), 28 (12/2001).
PILBEAM David : Paleontologist, Professor, Harvard University. Mission n° 7 (January 10 - 17, 1997).
OTERO Olga : Paleontologist, attached research, Lyon University then Lecturer, Poitiers University. Missions n° 13 (02/1998), 17 (01/1999), 25 (02/2001).
RAGOBERT Thierry : Film producer. Mission n° 7 (01/1997).
SHUSTER Mathieu : Doctoral student in sedimentology, Strasbourg University. Missions 12 (01/1998), 14 (02/1998), 17, 18 (01-02/1999), 22 (10/2000).
SUDRE Jean : Paleontologist, research director, Ecole Pratiques des Hautes Etudes, Montpellier University. Missions n° 4 (01/1996), 7 (01/1997), 12 (01/1998), 17 (01/1999).
VALENTIN Xavier : Technician, Poitiers University. Missions n° 17 (01/1999), 24, 25 (01-02/2001).
VINCENT Pierre : Vulcanologist, Professor emeritus, Clermont-Ferrand University. Missions n° 3 (03/1995), 10 (03/1997).
VIGNAUD Patrick : Paleontologist, Senior lecturer, Poitiers University. Missions n° 5 (02/1996), 7 (01/1997), 12 (01/1998), 18 (02/1999), 25 (02/2001), 27 (10/2001).
VIRIOT Laurent : Paleontologist, Senior lecturer, Poitiers University. Missions n° 13 (02/1998), 18 (02/1999), 24 (01/2001), 28 (12/2001).
ZAZZO Antoine : Doctoral student in biogeochimy, Paris VI University. Missions n° 18 (02/1999), 19 (01/2000), 25 (02/2001).

CHADIAN PARTICIPANTS

ABDALLAH Abakar : Cook. Missions n° 12, 13, 14, 17 and 18.
ADOUM Mahamat : Driver, cook and prospector, discoverer of one Sahelanthropus. Missions n° 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 (discovery of Toumaï by Ahounta Djimdoumalbaye), 27, 28, 29 and 30.
ADOUM Mahamat Elhadji : Driver and prospector. Missions n° 15, 16 and 17.
AHOUNTA Djimdoumalbaye : Prospector, Bachelor of natural science, discoverer of several Sahelanthropus including Toumaï. Missions n° 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 24, 25, 26 (discovery of Toumaï), 27, 28, 29 and 30.
ANDOSSA Likius : Student of the university of Chad then doctoral student in paleontology, Poitiers University. Missions n° 19 (01/2000), 20 (02/2000), 23 (11/2000), 24 (01/2001), 25 (02/2001).
DARNASS Darnan : Assistant lecturer in botany, N'Djamena University (deceased in 1998). Mission n° 1.
DJARAB Moustapha : Prospector. Missions 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18.
DJIGUIMBAYE Gérard : Driver, Mining Project. Mission n° 3
DJIMALBAYE Bantar : Driver, Mining Project. Mission n° 4.
DRAMAN Ahmat : Cook. Missions 7, 8 and 9.
FADJACK Moustapha Ahmed : Prospector. Mission n° 16.
GONGDIBE Fanoné : Engineer, Mines and Energy Ministry, posted to the CNAR, discoverer of one Australopithecus and of one Sahelanthropus. Missions n° 9, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 (discovery of Toumaï by Ahounta Djimdoumalbaye), 27, 29 and 30. (deceased in 1998).
IDRISS Ali Abdoulaye : Prospector. Mission n° 18.
KASSER Mahamat : Geologist, Mining Project, discoverer of an Australopithecus. Missions n° 4 (01/1996), 6 (03/1996).
MACKAYE Hassan Taïsso : Student of N'Djamena University, then doctoral student in paleontology, Poitiers University. Missions n° 4-5 (01-02/1996), 17-18 (01-02/1999), 19 (01/2000), 20 (02/2000), 30 (03/2002).
MAMELBAYE Tomalta : Driver, Mining Project. Discoverer of Australopithecus bahelghazali (Abel). Missions n° 2 (discovery of Abel)(01/1995) and 5 (01/1996). 
MAHMOUD Mahamat : Prospector. Mission n° 16.
MOUTAYE Hamit elhadji : Geologist, Mining Project of the Geological and Mining Researches Management (DRGM), project financed by the United Nations for the Development Program (UNDP). Missions n° 1 (01/1994) 2 (discovery of Abel by Mamelbaye Tomalta)(02/1995).
NOUR Mahamat : Prospector. Missions 12, 13 and 14.
OUEDDEY Mahamat : Guide in Kouba Olanga and prospector. Missions n° 1, 2 (discovery of Abel by Mamelbaye Tomalta), 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 15.
OUMAR Mahamat : Driver and prospector. Missions n° 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 18.
SALE Moussa : Guide in Salal and prospector. Missions n° 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 28.
SEID Moustapha Mbodou : Prospector. Missions: 12, 13, 14, 15 and 18.
TREY Youssouf Mali : Driver and prospector. Missions n° 12, 13 and 14.
WAROU Kaffou Way : Driver and prospector. Missions n° 15 and 16.
YAYA Mahamat : Director-assistant of the Primary school in Kouba Olanga. Mission n° 6.